英语四级高频词汇短语归纳

时间:2021-11-18 09:46编辑:admin来源:未知当前位置:勇气英语 > 虽然英文

  备考四级的方法有千万种,大家只有根据自己的情况进行提高,备考效果才会最好。但是不管是谁,备考的过程中都离不开词汇和短语。今天我们就为大家整理了英语四级高频词汇短语归纳,一起来看一下吧。

  一、名词与介词的搭配

  1. 名词+about

  complaint about 抱怨

  concern about 关心,照顾

  doubt about (of) 对…的怀疑

  discussion about (of, on) 讨论

  information about 有关…的信息

  opinion about (on) 对…意见

  2. 名词+against

  complaint against 控诉

  caution against 提防

  insurance against 保险

  precaution against 预防

  protection against 防护

  spite against 怨恨

  struggle against 与…斗争

  war against 对…的战争

  warning against 告诫

  3. 名词+for

  affection for 对…的爱

  ambition for 有…的抱负

  anxiety for 焦虑,担心

  attraction for 吸引

  capacity for 做…的能力

  care for 关心,喜欢

  cause for …的起因

  consideration for 考虑

  contempt for 对…藐视

  cure for 治…的良药/疗法

  demand for 对…需求

  excuse for …的借口

  explanation for (of) 对…的解释

  fine for 因…而罚款

  longing for 渴望

  necessity for 对…的需求

  passion for 对…的酷爱

  preference for 偏好

  preparation for 准备

  punishment for 因…而受罚

  reason for …的理由

  regret for 因…而后悔

  reputation for …的名声

  request for 对…要求,请求

  requirement for …的要求,条件

  respect for 对…尊敬

  responsibility for 对…的责任

  substitute for …的替代品

  sympathy for 对…的同情

  talent for 有…的天赋

  4. 名词+from

  absence from 缺席

  divorce from 与…离婚,脱离

  retirement from 从…退休

  shelter from 躲避

  freedom from 摆脱

  relief from 免除,解除

  5. 名词+in

  belief in 对…的信仰,信任

  break in 强行闯入;插嘴,打断

  change in 在…方面的变化

  decrease/fall/decline/drop in

  在…方面的减少

  increase/rise in 在…方面的增加

  delight in 喜欢

  faith in 对…信任

  progress in 在…方面的进步

  success in 在…上的成功

  trust in 对…的信任

  6. 名词+into

  development into 发展成

  inquiry into 对…调查、询问

  insight into 对…深刻理解,洞见

  investigation into 对…的深入调查

  research into 研究

  study into 对…的研究

  7. 名词+of

  attack of 患…病

  care of (=in care of) 由…转交

  command of 对…精通,掌握

  doubt of 对…怀疑

  dream of …的梦想

  the idea (thought) of 对…想法

  impression of 对…的印象

  intention of …的意图

  lack of 缺少

  neglect of 对…的疏忽

  opinion of 对…的看法

  8. 名词+on

  attack on 攻击

  authority on …方面的权威

  comment on 对…发表评论

  congratulation on 祝贺

  dependence on 依赖

  effect on 影响

  emphasis on 对…强调

  impact on 影响

  (leave/make an) impression on

  对…留下印象

  improvement on 对…的改进

  influence on 对…的影响

  judgement on 根据…的判断

  lecture on 有关…的讲座

  mercy (pity) on 怜悯

  operation on 给…动手术

  pressure on 对…的压力

  reliance on 依赖

  remark on 对…的评论

  9. 名词+over

  advantage over 比…优越

  authority over 对(某人)的控制、管理权力

  choice over 先于…的选择,不选择…

  control over 对…的控制

  increase over 比…增加

  power over 对…的权力

  preference over 比…更喜欢,先于…的选择

  priority over 比…优先

  superiority over 比…优越,优于

  10. 名词+to

  access to 接近,…的通路

  accident to 发生于…的事故

  admission to 准许进入…

  answer to 对…回答

  approach to …的方法

  assent to 同意

  attention to 对…的注意

  attitude to (toward) 对…态度

  blindness to 对…不知

  clue to …的线索

  contribution to 对…的贡献

  door to 通向…的门

  entrance/entry to 通向…的入口

  exception to …的例外

  exposure to 接触,暴露于

  gratitude to 对…感激

  guide to …的指南

  indifference to 对…无动于衷

  introduction to …入门,介绍,引见

  key to …的答案,…的关键

  marriage to 与…结婚

  monument to …的纪念碑

  objection to 反对

  opposition to 反对

  preface/forward to …的前言

  reply to 答复

  respond to 对…的回答,答复;对…响应,反应;(药物)有效

  resistance to 抵制…

  ratio to 与…之比

  right to …的权力

  solution to …的答案

  traitor to …的叛徒,背叛…

  11. 名词+with

  acquaintance with 与…认识

  alliance with 与…联盟

  bargain with 与…讨价还价

  chat with 与…闲谈

  coincidence with 与…的巧合

  collision with 与…相撞

  connection with 与…相关

  consultation with 与…协商

  conversation with 与…交谈

  correspondence with 与…通信

  familiarity with 与…熟悉

  harmony with 与…和谐

  the matter with …有问题/麻烦

  patience with 对…耐心

  二、形容词与介词的搭配

  1. 形容词+about

  anxious about 担心,挂念

  cautious about 谨慎,小心对待

  careful about 讲究,重视

  certain about 对…有把握

  enthusiastic about 热心于

  happy about 因…而高兴

  nervous about 担心,害怕;因…而紧张

  particular about 对…讲究,挑剔

  2. 形容词+at

  amazed at 对…惊讶

  angry at (about) 对…生气

  apt at 善于

  bad at 不善于

  clever at 擅长于

  clumsy at 做…很笨拙

  disappointed at 对…失望

  excellent at 极其擅长于

  expert at 专于…

  famous at …的名手

  good at 擅长于,精于…

  impressed at 对…印象深刻

  offended at 因…而生气

  quick at 敏于

  slow at 在…方面迟钝

  ready at 善于

  3. 形容词+for

  adequate for 适合于

  anxious for 急切地盼望

  bound for 开往…的

  competent for 能胜任…的

  convenient for 对…方便

  crucial for 对…起决定作用的

  eager for 急切地盼望

  famous for 因…而著名

  fit for 适合于

  good for 对…有益

  known for 对…应负责

  qualified for 对(工作等)称职

  ready for 准备

  responsible for 对…负责

  4. 形容词+from

  absent from 缺席,未出席

  different from 与…不同

  distinct from 与…有差别

  free from 免于,不受…影响

  immune from 免除…的,不受…影响的

  safe from 不受…危险的

  separate from 与…相分离的

  5. 形容词+in

  absorbed in 全神贯注于

  constant in 对…/在…上忠贞不渝、锲而不舍

  confident in 对…信任

  deficient in 缺乏

  excellent in 优于…,在…方面非常优秀

  expert in 专长于

  fortunate in 有幸于

  involved in 卷入,与…与牵连

  proficient in 在…方面很熟练,精于

  skillful in 善于

  slow in 在…方面很慢/迟钝

  successful in 在…方面成功

  6. 形容词+of

  afraid of 担心,害怕

  ashamed of 为…感到羞耻

  appreciative of 感谢…

  aware of 知道,了解

  capable of 能…,可能…

  characteristic of 是…的特点,为…所特有

  careful of 对…爱护,珍惜

  composed of 由…构成

  conscious of 意识到

  critical of 批评,挑剔

  envious of 对…嫉妒

  exclusive of 排除,不计… 在内

  fond of 喜欢

  free of 免除…的,不受…影响的

  frightened of 害怕…的

  full of 充满…的

  glad of 为…而高兴

  guilty of 犯有…罪的

  ignorant of 不了解…,不知道…,对…无知的

  inclusive of 包括…

  independent of 独立于

  indicative of 表示…的

  jealous of 对…嫉妒的

  made (up) of 由…制成

  proud of 为…而自豪

  scared of 对…害怕

  sensible of 可觉察出…

  short of 缺乏…的

  sick of 厌烦,讨厌…的

  suggestive of 暗示…的

  sure of 确信…

  suspicious of 对…怀疑的

  tired of 对…感到厌烦

  typical of 是…的特点

  worthy of 值得…的

  7. 形容词+on

  dependent on 依靠

  keen on 迷恋

  intent on 一心一意做

  hard on 对…苛刻

  reliant on 依赖于…

  stern on 对…严厉

  8. 形容词+to

  adj acent to 与…毗邻

  alike to 与…一样

  contrary to 违反,相反

  drawn to 被吸引到

  equal to 等于…

  familiar to 是…所熟悉的

  immune to 对…有免疫力,不受影响

  indifferent to 对…不在乎

  inferior to 劣于…,低于…

  liable to 有…的倾向

  loyal to 忠于…

  next to 邻于…

  obedient to 服从于

  opposed to 反对

  peculiar to 为…所特有

  preferable to 比…更好

  prior to 先于,早于

  related to 与…有关系

  relevant to 与…相关的

  resistant to 抵制…

  responsible to 对…有反应

  sensitive to 对…敏感的

  second/secondary to 次于,从属于

  similar to 与…相似

  subject (ed) to 受…影响

  subordinate to 从属于

  superior to 比…更高(或更优)

  tied to 过分依赖于,系于

  true to 忠实于

  used to 习惯于

  9. 形容词+with

  angry with 与(人)生气

  associated with 与…相关联

  busy with 忙于

  compatible with 与…相容、兼容的

  consistent with 与…一致

  content with 满足于

  disappointed with ()

  对…失望

  faced with 面临

  familiar with 对…精通,熟悉

  flush with 充满,富于

  frank with 对…坦率

  friendly with 与…友好

  identical with 与…相同

  ill with 生…病

  impressed with 对…印象很深

  incompatible with 与…不相容的(不一致的)

  patient with 对…耐心

  popular with 为…所喜闻乐见

  wrong with 出故障

  三、动词与介词的搭配

  1. 动词+about

  argue about 就…争论,辩论

  bargain about 就…讨价还价

  debate about 就…辩论

  dispute about 就…进行争议

  inquire about 询问,打听

  2. 动词+after

  ask after 问安

  chase after 追逐

  go after 设法得到、追求

  inquire after 问候

  look after 照料

  run after 追赶

  see after 照顾,留意

  take after 长得像

  name () after 根据…命名

  3. 动词+O+as

  acknowledge as 承认…是

  choose as 作为…选取

  classify as 把…分作

  define sth. sb. as 把…定义为

  depict as 把…描述为

  describe as 把…描述为

  elect as 把…选作

  employ as 雇/用…来充当

  express as 把…表达为

  interpret as 把…解释为

  look on as 把…视作

  name as 把…命名为

  picture as 把…描述成

  recognize as 认出…是

  refer to as 把…称作是

  represent as 描绘、声称…为

  see as 把…视作

  treat as 把…当作…对待

  use as 把…用作

  view as 把…视作

  4. 动词+at

  arrive at 到达

  call at 访问(地)

  drive (get) at 意旨,用意

  keep at 坚持

  laugh at 嘲笑

  look at 注视

  run at 攻击

  5. 动词+by

  come by 偶然遇见,弄到

  cut by 削减,少了

  decrease by 减少了

  expand by 扩大了

  fall/rise/drop by 下降/上升/下跌

  go by 依照

  increase by 增加了…

  profit by 受益于…

  stand by 支持,信守

  6. 动词+for

  act for 代理

  account for 说明…的原因(用途等);占(比重)

  apply for 申请

  arrange for sb. (to do sth.)

  安排sb. (做某事)

  call for 要求

  care for 挂念

  change/alter for the better/worse

  好转/变坏

  fall for 受…的骗,上…的当

  7. 动词+from

  benefit from 受益于

  come from 来自/源于

  derive from 产生于,起源于

  develop from 由…发展而来

  differ from…(in sth.)

  在…方面与…不同

  hear from sb. 收到…的信

  learn from 从…学习,向…学习

  result from 产生于,起因于

  keep from 克制,忍住,抑制

  profit from 从…谋利

  range from…to… 从…到…不等

  refrain from 忍住不,戒除

  resign from 从…辞职,辞退(工作)

  result from 产生于

  shelter from 躲避

  stem from 起源于

  suffer from 受…之苦

  vary from…to…(between…and…)

  因…而异,从…到…变动

  dissuade sb. from 说服sb. 不做

  distinguish…from 区别…与…

  excuse sb. from给sb. 免去,同意sb. 不做某事

  keep…from 使…不…

  prevent…from 防止…做某事

  prohibit sb. from 禁止sb. 做某事

  protect from保护 不受…伤害

  remove from把 从…弄走

  restrain from阻止 做某事

  save from把 从…中救出来

  separate from

  (把…)现…分离开

  shelter from

  掩护 免受…袭击

  shield from

  遮挡 以保护

  以上就是为大家整理的英语四级高频词汇短语归纳的相关内容,希望能够对大家有所帮助。高频词汇还有很多,但是和四级要求的词汇量比,还是少了很多,所以大家可以多多的了解一下。

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