中国留美本科生众生相 The China Conundrum (上)

时间:2021-11-03 00:48编辑:admin来源:未知当前位置:勇气英语 > 虽然英文

DOZENS of new students crowded into a lobby of the University of Delaware’s student center at the start of the school year. Many were stylishly attired in distressed jeans and bright-colored sneakers; half tapped away silently on smartphones while the rest engaged in boisterous conversations. Eavesdropping on those conversations, however, would have been difficult for an observer not fluent in Mandarin. That’s because, with the exception of one lost-looking soul from Colombia, all the students were from China.

新学年刚开始的时候,特拉华大学学生中心的一个大厅里涌进了几十位新同学。其中许多人打扮时髦,穿着打磨发旧的牛仔裤和色彩鲜艳的旅游鞋;一半人在默默玩着手机,其他人在热烈地交谈。但是,对于一个普通话不熟练的旁观者来说,想要偷听他们的谈话会很困难。因为,除了一个神情迷惘的哥伦比亚人之外,其它学生都来自中国。

Among them was Yisu Fan, whose flight from Shanghai had arrived six hours earlier. Too excited to sleep, he had stayed up all night waiting for orientation at the English Language Institute to begin. Like nearly all the Chinese students at Delaware, Mr. Fan was conditionally admitted — that is, he can begin taking university classes once he successfully completes an English program. He plans to major in finance and, after graduation, to return home and work for his father’s construction company. He was wearing hip, dark-framed glasses and a dog tag around his neck with a Chinese dragon on it. He chose to attend college more than 7,000 miles from home, Mr. Fan said, because “the Americans, their education is very good.”

范逸苏(Yisu Fan,音译)就是其中之一,在6个小时之前刚从上海飞来。他兴奋地整夜睡不着觉,一直在等着参加英语语言学院的新生指导会。和特拉华大学的几乎所有中国学生一样,范逸苏是被有条件录取的——就是说,他得顺利念完一个英语项目,才可以开始修读大学课程。他打算念金融专业,毕业后回国,到他父亲的建筑公司工作。他戴着新潮的黑框眼镜,脖子上挂着印有一条中国龙的军牌(俗称“狗牌”)项链。他说,自己选择到离家7000英里的地方上大学,是因为“美国人的教育很棒”。

That opinion is widely shared in China, which is part of the reason the number of Chinese undergraduates in the United States has tripled in just three years, to 40,000, making them the largest group of foreign students at American colleges. While other countries, like South Korea and India, have for many years sent high numbers of undergraduates to the United States, it’s the sudden and startling uptick in applicants from China that has caused a stir at universities — many of them big, public institutions with special English-language programs — that are particularly welcoming toward international students. Universities like Delaware, where the number of Chinese students has leapt to 517 this year, from 8 in 2007.

在中国,这个观点很普遍,这是赴美留学的中国本科生数量在仅仅3年中翻了3倍的原因之一。他们的人数已经达到4万,是美国最大的留学生群体。虽然南韩和印度等国家多年来也向美国输送了大量本科生,但中国申请人数突然出现惊人的增长,已经在那些尤其欢迎国际学生的高校中激起波澜。这些大学中很多是设有特别英语项目的大型公立学校。比如,特拉华大学的中国学生人数就从2007年的8人猛增到了2011年的517人。

The students are mostly from China’s rapidly expanding middle class and can afford to pay full tuition, a godsend for universities that have faced sharp budget cuts in recent years. But what seems at first glance a boon for colleges and students alike is, on closer inspection, a tricky fit for both.

这些学生绝大多数来自中国迅速壮大的中产阶级,有能力支付全额学费,对于近年来面临预算削减的高校来说,这真是从天而降的礼物。不过,虽然乍看之下这对高校和学生都有好处,仔细观察起来,却是对双方都复杂和棘手的事。

Colleges, eager to bolster their diversity and expand their international appeal, have rushed to recruit in China, where fierce competition for seats at Chinese universities and an aggressive admissions-agent industry feed a frenzy to land spots on American campuses. College officials and consultants say they are seeing widespread fabrication on applications, whether that means a personal essay written by an agent or an English proficiency score that doesn’t jibe with a student’s speaking ability. American colleges, new to the Chinese market, struggle to distinguish between good applicants and those who are too good to be true.

高校们渴望增加学生群体的多样化并提高国际吸引力,因此急急忙忙地涌入中国招生。中国的高考竞争非常激烈,而留学中介行业更是火上浇油,积极为美国校园招徕生源。高校官员和招生顾问们说,他们发现申请材料广泛造假,有的是中介帮着写个人陈述,有的是英语考试分数和学生的口语能力不相匹配。刚刚进入中国市场的美国高校正在费劲地鉴别哪些是优秀的申请人,哪些则好得不真实。

Once in the classroom, students with limited English labor to keep up with discussions. And though they’re excelling, struggling and failing at the same rate as their American counterparts, some professors say they have had to alter how they teach.

而一旦入学之后,那些英语水平有限的学生要跟上课堂讨论就非常吃力。尽管他们当中成绩出众、学习费劲或者通不过考试的人的比例和美国同学差不多,但有些教授说,他们不得不改变了教学方法。

Colleges have been slow to adjust to the challenges they’ve encountered, but are beginning to try new strategies, both to better acclimate students and to deal with the application problems. The onus is on them, says Jiang Xueqin, deputy principal of Peking University High School, one of Beijing’s top schools, and director of its international division. “Are American universities unhappy? Because Chinese students and parents aren’t.”

面对这些挑战,高校调整得很迟缓,但已经开始尝试新的策略,以便让学生更好地适应新环境,同时处理好申请方面的问题。北大附中校长助理兼国际部主任江学勤说,这是美国高校的责任。“美国的大学不高兴吗?因为中国学生和家长并没有不高兴。”

“Nothing will change,” Mr. Jiang says, “unless American colleges make it clear to students and parents that it has to.”

他说:“除非美国大学向学生和家长表明必须改变,否则还是会一切照旧。”

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文章来源: http://www.hotaad.com文章标题: 中国留美本科生众生相 The China Conundrum (上)

原文地址:http://www.hotaad.com/sryw/690.html

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